Behavioral Psychology

Based on your behaviors, the reason we act and think the way we do is by consequences due to our actions. There are three differnt types of Conditioning (learning) in Behavioral Psychology.

Classical- learning by association

Emotional- learning by association, classical conditioning applied to humans.

Operant- learning by consequences.

Ivan Pavlov - He was a Russin Pysiologist. worked with body parts of dogs, he is famous for his dog experiment. What Ivan Pavlov did was remove the esophogas of a dog, and replaced it with a tube so that everytime the dog ate or salavated it would go into the tube, and once the tube was filled to a certain point a bell would ring. So of course everytime the dog saw food, it would salavate. Over time the dog learned, everytime it got food it was from Pavlov, so the dog associated the food with Pavlov. The result is everytime the dog saw Pavlov walk by or in the room, even with out food, the dog would salavate and the bell would go off just from his presence.

A stimulous is caused by a response, a conditioned stimulous is learned. an unconditioned stimulous is not learned. same goes for the response, a conditioned respons is the learned response to the conditioned stimulous.
In Pavlov's experiment.

The Unconditioned Stimulous was the food
The Unconditioned Response was the salavation
Pavlov was nuetral in the experiment but the dog associated Pavlov with the food making Pavlov the Conditioned Stimulous
Therefore the Conditioned Response is the dog salavating to Pavlov.